George Orwell was born in Bengal India in 1903 under the name Eric Blair. His father worked
as a civil servant for the British government in India,
a British colony at the time. A year after his birth he moved to England
with his mother and sister and lived there the first 19 years of his life (www.george-orwell.org). In England he went through the British school system and eventually went on to Eton University on an academic scholarship
for a few years (www.george-orwell.org). Throughout his schooling he showed an interest in writing, submitting and getting
published in college periodicals. Sadly, Orwell seemed to have mixed feelings about college life at Eton
so he eventually dropped out. Ironically, it seems that upon the ending of this education Orwell found his true self.
Upon abruptly ending his
education Orwell chose to go back to India.
He ended up in Burma India working in the Indian Imperial Police. He held this job from 1922 until 1925 where he started to
get angry towards British Imperialism, portrayed in his essays essays “A Hanging” and “Shooting an Elephant”
(online-literature.com). This is important to note because it is Orwell’s first act, out of many throughout his lifetime,
in which he advocated liberal/ socialist policies. This anger led to his resignation upon which he moved back to
Europe and officially began his career as a professional writer. For the next few years
Orwell went in and out of poverty many times (www.george-orwell.org). This gave him first hand experience with the poor and working classes. In
1933 Orwell began writing for a paper called the New Adelphi where he adopted his famous pseudonym George Orwell.
Also this year he wrote and published one of his first novels Down and Out in Paris and London. This novel
detailed the plight of poor people in the major cities, which again presents his liberal leanings. During this time Orwell
became a school teacher, published his second major novel Burmese Day in 1934 and in 1936 he married his first wife
Eileen O’Shaugnessy. During these years Orwell also adopted the views of a socialist. He traveled to spain to report on the civil war. He eventually took the side
of the United Workers Marxists Party militia (online-literature.com). By the end of the war he had developed a hate for communism
and eventually joined the English socialist party. Orwell was wounded in the neck during this war and wrote a book called
Homage to Catalonia (online-literature.com) published in 1938. Upon escaping a narrow death Orwell and his wife retreated
back to England, and it was also at about
this time that the Second World War broke out.
It is during and after
the Second World War that Orwell became a more affluent writer. During World War 2 he was a member of the home guard, worked
as a journalist for the BBC from 1941-1943, then became the literary editor from the Tribune from 1943 – 1945 (online-literature.com).
It was towards the end of World War 2 that Orwell wrote one of his most famous novels, Animal Farm published in 1945
(www.george-orwell.org).This same year his wife,
Eileen O’Shaugnessy died. A short four years after the death of his wife and publishing Animal Farm, Orwell published
his most influential book 1984 and remarried to Sonia Browell. Sadly though, Orwell wasn’t able to enjoy
his marriage or the success of his new book. Only a few months after his marriage Orwell died of tuberculosis on January 21,